New media technology, such as social networking and media-sharing websites, in addition to the increasing prevalence of cellular telephones, have made citizen journalism more accessible to people worldwide.This theory focuses on the different aspects of citizen identity and activity and understands citizen journalism as directly constituting citizenship.The view stated above does not mean that professional journalists are fully protected by shield laws.Independent news and information Websites ( Consumer Reports, the Drudge Report ).The Department of Journalism and Communication offers two majors:.What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page.

Page contents The new communication landscape Social media, the public sphere and social change Social media, information and e-governance Social media in fragile and.This transition into a digital realm of media has created many new possibilities for people to participate in journalism and it is due to the technological advancements such as the internet and smartphones.

Personal broadcasting sites (video broadcast sites such as KenRadio ).Seong Jae Min states that the idea of public or civic journalism is a notion that the press. encourages civic participation, improves public deliberation and.Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page.Or you could fact-check a newspaper article from the mainstream media and point out factual errors or bias on your blog.The first characteristic suggesting that the role of journalism is to inform citizens upholds the theory that journalism is for citizens.The fact that many millions of people are considered stateless and often, are without citizenship (such as refugees or immigrants without papers) limits the concept to those recognised only by governments.

During the 2004 U.S. presidential election, both the Democratic and Republican parties issued press credentials to citizen bloggers covering the convention, marking a new level of influence and credibility for nontraditional journalists.According to Vincent Campbell, theories of citizenship can be categorized into two core groups: those that consider journalism for citizenship and those that consider journalism as citizenship.The classical model is rooted in the ideology of informed citizens and places emphasis on the role of journalists rather than on citizens.

ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 18 (4). Retrieved 2013-03-08.The first wave of this type of citizen journalism came about in the form of amateur news bloggers.

Maurice Ali, a citizen journalist from Canada, founded one of the first international citizen journalist associations called the International Association of Independent Journalists Inc. (IAIJ) in 2003.Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store.While the fact that citizen journalists can report in real time and are not subject to oversight opens them to criticism about the accuracy of their reporting, news stories presented by mainstream media also misreport facts occasionally that are reported correctly by citizen journalists.This was happening throughout the 1990s, however, once the mid 2000s began, the introduction of technologies such as the smartphone increased the ability to access the internet and made it so that individuals were able to use it globally and on the go.

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For example, Bill Johnson, president of Embarcadero Media, which publishes several northern California newspapers, issued an online statement asking readers to subscribe to local newspapers in order to keep them financially solvent.

Their tools can be narrowed down to a camera, social media and an instinct to start recording whenever something seems newsworthy or out of order.One of the main issues with this first theory is that there is a normative judgement surrounding the amount and nature of information that citizens should have as well as what the relationship between the two should be.In June 2009, hundreds of thousands of Iranians took to the streets of Tehran, to protest the election outcome.Although the term lacks conceptualization, alternative names of the term are unable to comprehensively capture the phenomenon.These social media platforms encourage and facilitate engagement with other citizens who participate in creating content through commenting, liking, linking, and sharing.A citizen journalist, an amateur, will always be on the outside of those lines.

This is because citizen journalism allows people to post as much content as they want, whenever they want. in order to stay competitive, traditional news sources are forcing their journalist to compete.In addition, the rapidly increasing demand for advertising for brand-name products fueled the creation of publications subsidized, in large part, by advertising revenue.

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